Warm water fish production as a diversification strategy for arable farmers

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Award: RES-224-25-0066
Policy and Practice Note
Impact Statement
PI: David Little, Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling
Dates: 03/01/2005 - 31/01/2008
 
Fish is promoted as a healthy food, but wild fish stocks are dwindling and conventional fish farming in the UK is criticised on environmental and welfare grounds. Can small-scale farming of the tropical fish tilapia offer an alternative as a locally and sustainably produced fresh fish and a diversification opportunity for UK farmers? Explore the data on technical production, marketing opportunities, consumer attitudes and farmer motivation for on-farm tilapia production in the UK.

Data created

Market and fishmonger interviews and observations on tilapia
Observations and discussions during visits to London markets and fishmongers on tilapia (and other fish) prices, supplies and imports.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: RTF
Sample size: 11 observations
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Restaurant customer interviews on eating tilapia
Interviews with customers in restaurants on choosing tilapia meals. Recorded as summary notes.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: RTF
Sample size: 34 informal interviews
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Focus groups on fish, food and health
Focus groups on participants’ attitudes towards health, food and fish; the perceived health benefits of fish consumption; sustainable food production; organic fish and participants' awareness, perceptions and purchase habits concerning tilapia. Discussions were recorded and transcribed.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: RTF
Sample size: 11 focus groups
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Attitudes to fish consumer survey
Consumer survey of attitudes towards fish. Data collected by questionnaire from visitors to Edinburgh Mela 2005, Bangladesh Exposition 2005 and Billingsgate Market.

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: MS Access
Sample size: 162 respondents
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Tilapia supplier interviews
Interviews with Tilapia suppliers, fish suppliers and fish processors on their opinion of Tilapia and its prospective place in the market.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: RTF
Sample size: 10 interviews
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Farmer interviews on farm diversification
Face to face interviews with farmers on entrepreneurial attitudes and farm business diversification. Audio-recorded and notes written out.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: RTF
Sample size: 26 interviews
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Farmer telephone interviews on tilapia culture
Telephone interviews with farmers responding to media coverage on the Tilapia research project in the Farmers Weekly (Aug2007) and in various Scottish media. Interviews focus on the farmers' potential interest in tilapia production as a diversification strategy. Recorded as summary notes.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: RTF
Sample size: 47 interviews selected from 126 responses to media coverage.
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released

Publications and outputs

Article (7)
Intensifying aquaculture production through new approaches to manipulating natural food
M.E. Azim; D.C. Little
30/06/2009

Intensifying aquaculture production through new approaches to manipulating natural food
Ekram Azim; David Little
21/04/2008

Red tilapia cage culture in central Thailand
Ben Belton; David Little; James Young
22/04/2008

Red tilapia cage culture in central Thailand
B. Belton; D. Little; J. Young
30/06/2009

Can tilapia be grown successfully in the UK?
K. Grady; A. Watterson; D. Little; F. Murray; J. Young
30/06/2009

Options for producing a warm-water fish in the UK : limits to "green growth"?
David Little; A. Watterson; J.A. Young; Francis Murray; W. Leschen; K. Boyd; E. Azim
23/04/2008

Microbial protein production in activated suspension indoor tanks manipulating C : N ratio in feed and the implications for fish culture
Ekram Azim; Little David; James Bron
22/04/2008

Book (1)
Farmer information pack
Francis Murray; William Leschen; Andrew Watterson; Kathleen Boyd; David Little; James Young; Pauline Ferguson
23/04/2008

Presentation (9)
Tilapia UK…ok
David Little; N/A Good Food Up North Conference; William Leschen; Kathleen Grady; Francis Murray
23/04/2008

Tilapia project presentation
Francis Murray; N/A Project team; James Young; Kathleen Boyd; Andrew Watterson; William Leschen; David Little
23/04/2008

Tilapia project presentation
Francis Murray; David Little; William Leschen; N/A Project team; Kathleen Boyd; James Young; Andrew Watterson
23/04/2008

A new approach to tilapia in the UK – based on activated suspension technology and niche market
James Young; Kathleen Grady; N/A SEERAD; Sarath Kodithiwakku
23/04/2008

Warm water fish production as a niche market & diversification strategy for UK farmers
David Little; N/A RELU; Kathleen Grady
23/04/2008

Fish on the farm
David Little; Kathleen Grady; William Leschen; N/A SAC
23/04/2008

Tilapia UK…ok?
David Little; William Leschen; Kathleen Grady; Francis Murray; N/A SCIP Technical Transfer Executives
23/04/2008

Do farmers need to change their ideas about diversification?
David Little; Kathleen Boyd; N/A RELU; Francis Murray; James Young; Andrew Watterson
23/04/2008

A new approach to tilapia in the UK – based on activated suspension technology and niche markets’
David Little; Andrew Watterson; N/A Aquaculture Today; William Leschen; Francis Murray; James Young; Kathleen Grady
23/04/2008

Conference paper (5)
Opportunity, necessity and entrepreneurial success: a farming perspective
Peter Rosa; David Little; Sarath Kodithiwakku; James Young
23/04/2008

Multidisciplinary perspectives on an emergent fish product : the tank of British tilapia
James Young; David Little; Kathleen Grady; Francis Murray; Ann Shriver; Andrew Watterson
23/04/2008

Production of microbial protein using activated suspension technique (AST) in artificial ponds
Ekram Azim; David Little
23/04/2008

Warmwater fish production as a niche production and market diversification strategy
D. Little
30/06/2009

Production of microbial protein using activated suspension technique (AST) in indoor tanks
Ekram Azim; David Little; James Bron
23/04/2008

Thesis (4)
Current & future impacts of aquaculture certification programmes
Chris Stock
23/04/2008

Use of gill condition to assess welfare of tilapia raised in two intensive production systems
Yann Vincent
23/04/2008

Organic aquaculture : status and trends
Nabi Nassif
23/04/2008

Evaluation of welfare and organoleptic criteria of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) grown in activated suspension technology systems
Claire-Emmanuelle Bue
23/04/2008

Report (3)
Warm water fish production as a diversification strategy for arable farmers
A. Liddon
19/08/2009

Annex
David Little
13/05/2008

Full research report
David Little
13/05/2008

Website (1)
Warmwater fish production as a niche production and market diversification strategy for organic arable farmers with implications for sustainability and public health
Anton Immink
23/04/2008

Workshop (1)
Assessing the sustainability of tilapia farming in Thailand : implications for producing tilapia in the UK
Ben Belton; N/A SDRC
23/04/2008

Research summary (2)
Non-technical summary

13/05/2008

Non-technical summary
David Little; James Young
13/05/2008

(1)
Warmwater fish production as a niche production and market diversification strategy for organic arable farmers, 2005-2007
D. Little
21/09/2009