The sustainability of hill farming

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Award: RES-227-25-0028
Policy and Practice Note
Modelling Report
Project website
PI: Paul Armsworth, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Dates: 01/01/2006 - 30/08/2009
 
Moorland ecosystems are particularly fragile. How can we manage them in a way that delivers sustainable hill farming communities while also protecting the environment? Taking the Peak District as a case study, researchers examine how farmers respond to policy changes and how they can design business plans to cope with such changes most effectively. New modelling tools examine the dynamics of moorland change across whole landscapes, how the actions of one farmer affect those of neighbours and how upland bird species rely on a diversity of habitats across the landscape.

Data created

Farm business socioeconomic questionnaire survey
Questionnaire survey covering production choices and economics of their business.

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 44 farms
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Bird abundance and distribution data
Abundance and distribution data from broad-scale bird surveys, using walking transects and distance sampling. Data were collected manually through field observations.

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 44 farms and 37 paired nearby moorland areas
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Valuation workshop responses
Quantitative and qualitative data from workshop exercises and contingent valuation/choice experiment questionnaires

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 52 participants
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Linear programming model
Economic survey results were used to develop and to parameterise a set of linear programming models that estimates the economic incentives presented to farmers by different policy changes.

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 6 farm types
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released

Publications and outputs

Report (1)
Full research report
Paul Armsworth
16/12/2009

Article (8)
What explains property-level variation in avian diversity? : an inter-disciplinary approach
Martin Dallimer; Szvetlana Acs; Nick Hanley; Paul Armsworth; Kevin Gaston; Paul Wilson
28/06/2009

Agricultural land-use in the surrounding landscape affects moorland bird diversity
Martin Dallimer; Andrew M.J. Skinner; Lorenzo Marini; Nick Hanley; Paul R. Armsworth; Kevin J. Gaston
12/04/2012

The cost of policy simplification in conservation incentive programs
Paul Armsworth; Paul Wilson; Nick Hanley; Kevin Gaston; Martin Dallimer; Szvetlana Acs
12/04/2012

Contrasting approaches to statistical regression in ecology and economics
Paul Armsworth; R. Ruffell; N. Hanley; K. Gaston
07/07/2009

100 years of change : examining agricultural trends, habitat change and stakeholder perceptions through the 20th century
Martin Dallimer; P. Armsworth; H. Southall; S. Acs; N. Hanley; D. Tinch; K. Gaston
05/03/2009

What explains property-level variation in avian diversity? : an inter-disciplinary approach
Martin Dallimer; Kevin Gaston; Paul Armsworth; Paul Wilson; Szvetlana Acs; Nick Hanley
28/06/2009

The effect of decoupling on marginal agricultural systems : implications for farm incomes, land use and upland ecology
Szvetlana Acs; Paul R. Armsworth; Martin Dallimer; Paul Wilson; Kevin J. Gaston; Nick Hanley; Philip Robertson
12/04/2012

Farm-scale ecological and economic impacts of agricultural change in the uplands
Nick Hanley; Anil Graves; Joe Morris; Kevin J. Gaston; Szvetlana Acs; Martin Dallimer; Paul R. Armsworth
12/04/2012

Other output (2)
Hill farm economics, landscapes and biodiversity in the Peak District
Paul Armsworth
06/07/2009

Safeguarding rural life in the Peak District
Matt Barker
28/06/2009

Research summary (2)
Non-technical summary

16/12/2009

Non-technical summary
Paul Armsworth; N. Hanley; P. Wilson; K. Gaston
16/12/2009

Paper (1)
The effect of decoupling on a marginal agricultural system : implications for farm incomes, land use and upland
Szvetlana Acs; Nick Hanley; Kevin.J. Gaston; Paul.R. Armsworth; Paul Wilson; Martin Dallimer; Philip Robertson
28/06/2009

Book chapter (1)
Historical perspectives on the development of multifunctional landscapes : a case study from the UK uplands
Dugald Tinch; Nick Hanley; Paulette Posen; Kevin Gaston; Martin Dallimer; C. Martijn van der Heide; Floor Brouwer; Paul Armsworth; Szvetlana Acs
07/07/2009

(1)
Sustainability of hill farming, 2007-2008
P. Armsworth; N. Hanley; K. Gaston
09/02/2010