Assessing and communicating animal disease risks for countryside users

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Award: RES-229-25-0007
Policy and Practice Note
Project website
PI: Chris Quine, Centre for Human and Ecological Sciences, Forest Research, Roslin
Dates: 31/08/2007 - 30/11/2010
 
Many people enjoy spending leisure time outdoors, but with changes in environmental conditions and use of the countryside, some risks, such as tick-borne diseases, could become more acute. The risks, what can be done to reduce them and the kinds of information that people need to keep themselves safe, without being inappropriately alarmed, are examined.

Data created

Lyme disease patients risk perception interviews
Interviews to explore risk perceptions and patient understandings of contracting Lyme disease.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: MS Word;SPSS
Sample size: 32 patients
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Lyme disease patients risk perception survey
Survey exploring risk perceptions of members of the public diagnosed with Lyme disease. A cross-sectional postal questionnaire survey with participants recruited via the LB Unit, Health Protection Agency, Southampton. 333 participants were targeted following positive serological blood tests for LB antibodies, and 145 were recruited.

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Data type: Quantitative;Qualitative
Data format: SPSS
Sample size: 145 cases
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Residents risk perception focus groups
Focus groups with residents at study sites, investigating the risk perceptions of the public exposed to the hazard of tick bites.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: MS Word;SPSS
Sample size: 6 focus groups, 48 cases
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Countryside visitors interviews
Interviews investigating the risk perceptions of the public exposed to the hazard of tick bites, i.e. countryside visitors.

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: MS Word;SPSS
Sample size: 66 countryside visitors
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Tick abundance sampling
Survey of the relative seasonal abundance of the Ixodes ricinus tick in a range of habitats, measuring tick abundance, vegetation height, soil moisture, temperature and relative humidity on 6-7 plots in 3 study sites at three-weekly intervals between March 2008 and December 2009.

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel;GIS
Sample size: 3 study sites
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Tick imagery vignette experiments
Vignette experiment Investigating the influence of visual image and precautionary information on risk communication. The experiments studied the role of tick imagery (disgusting vs. non-disgusting) and of precautionary information (absent vs. present) on people’s perceptions of risk from ticks. Another experiment studied

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: SPSS
Sample size: 182 Polish nationals; 150 UK residents
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Lyme disease accountability experiment
Quasi-experimental study (2x2 between subjects) exploring the impact of perceived accountability and perceived disease severity on public risk perceptions from Lyme disease and on motivations for precautionary measures. The experiment manipulated the accountability of the Forestry Commission in managing the risk of Lyme disease, and the degree of severity of Lyme disease in 2 (high vs. low accountability) x 2 (high vs. low severity) design.

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: SPSS
Sample size: 205 volunteers
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Countryside staff risk perception focus groups
The risk perceptions of countryside, forest and park staff were studied through focus groups with staff at each study site.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: MS Word
Sample size: 3 groups
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Tick risk maps
Biological models of tick abundance driven by climate surfaces and host abundance within a geographical information system.

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Data type: Geospatial
Data format: GIS
Sample size:
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Animal social representation sorting
A multiple sorting task exploring how ticks compared with other insects and animals around representations of danger and likelihood of disease, considering social representations of animals in text vs. image.

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Data type: Qualitative;Quantitative
Data format: SPSS;PDF
Sample size: 6 male, 6 female volunteers
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Lyme disease warning communication
Content analysis of precautionary information documents, messages and warnings on Lyme disease and ticks, provided to visitors and staff.

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Data type: Qualitative;Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 32 documents from 29 organisations
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Risk communication interviews
Semi-structured interviews with representatives of organisations that provide information about risk and precaution on Lyme disease, to establish motives and strategies for communication.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: MS Word
Sample size: 16 organisations
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Forest staff Lyme disease awareness survey
Postal survey exploring awareness of and precautionary behaviour in relation to Lyme disease. Postal questionnaire survey with 250 office- and forest-based Forestry Commission (FC) staff.

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: SPSS
Sample size: 250 Forestry Commission staff
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Countryside staff risk perception interviews
The risk perceptions of countryside, forest and park staff studied through telephone interviews with 21 Forestry Commission district managers, exploring the managers’ experiences of communicating forest hazards, including Lyme disease risk, to the public and of dealing with public concerns about forest risks.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: MS Word
Sample size: 21 Forestry Commission district managers
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Interdisciplinarity
Questionnaire survey of researchers within the project team, assessing their views on interdisciplinary research, (including benefits and barriers.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: MS Word
Sample size: 27 researchers
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Social Science Week discussion
Activity and discussion groups with frequent and infrequent users of woodlands, to explore views and perceptions of woodland use and enjoyment, perceptions of hazard and risk in woodland environments, and to examine communication issues to do with hazards/risk to others. Information was captured using cameras, leaflets, boards and photographs.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: MS Word
Sample size: 4 groups of 10 individuals: local residents, local gardening club, woodlands visitors of different age groups (18-30, 31-50, 50+)
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released

Publications and outputs

Conference paper (20)
Denial of risk in a restorative environment : the case of Lyme disease
A. Marcu; D. Uzzell; J. Barnett
11/03/2011

Tick-borne disease emergence in Europe : complexity, analysis and spotlights
S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Dynamic heterogeneity in tick-borne disease epidemiology : forces from within and without
S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Emergent zoonoses : climate, climate change or humans to blame?
Sarah E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Emergent zoonoses : driven by changing human activities?
Sarah E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Information sufficiency and the timing of precautions : the case of lyme disease
A. Marcu; J. Barnett; D. Uzzell
11/03/2011

Precautionary advice and risk images : perceptions of Lyme disease
Julie Barnett; Anna Mikolajek; Afrodita Marcu
11/03/2011

Risk perceptions of zoonoses in text vs. images : the impact of the social representations of animals
A. Marcu; J. Barnett; D. Uzzell; M. Brodzinska
11/03/2011

Climate change and emergent vector-borne zoonoses : what has really happened on the ground?
S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Denial of risk in a restorative environment : the case of lyme disease
A. Marcu
11/03/2011

Assessing and communicating animal disease risks for countryside users
C.P. Quine
11/03/2011

Human-tick interaction : developing an agent-based model of risk of tick bites during recreation
Jennifer Taylor; Andrew Dobson
11/03/2011

Managing risks in a restorative environment
D. Uzzell; A. Marcu; J. Barnett
11/03/2011

Impact of human activities on the risk of zoonotic viral infections
S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Climate change and infectious diseases
S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Lyme disease patients’ information needs and their preferences for precautionary measures
A. Marcu; S. O"Connell; J. Barnett; D. Uzzell
11/03/2011

Perceptions of risk from animals in text vs. images : a multiple sorting procedure approach
A. Marcu; M. Brodzinska; J. Barnett; D. Uzzell
11/03/2011

Animal disease risk in the countryside : providing appropriate information, avoiding alarm
Darren Moseley; M. Marzano
11/03/2011

Distancing from risk in a restorative environment : countryside visitors’ views on lyme disease
A. Marcu; D. Uzzell; J. Barnett
11/03/2011

Sustainable development and urban health : an environmental psychology perspective
D. Uzzell
11/03/2011

Workshop (7)
Public engagement through accompanied visits within Alice Holt
L. O"Brien; A. Marcu
14/03/2011

Assessing and communicating animal disease risks for countryside users
Chris P. Quine; David Uzzell
11/03/2011

Workshop on risk and uncertainty in the context of animal and zoonotic disease management
C P Quine
11/03/2011

Assessing and communicating animal disease risks for countryside users
Chris P. Quine
11/03/2011

Workshop on risk and uncertainty in the context of animal and zoonotic disease management
Chris Quine
14/03/2011

Public engagement through accompanied visits within Alice Holt
L O"Brien; A Marcu
11/03/2011

Public health surveillance and climate change : results from the EDEN-TBD project : delving into complexity
S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Article (21)
O’Brien, L., Marcu, Situating risk in the context of a woodland visit: A Case Study on Lyme Borreliosis
Liz O"Brien; Mariella Marzano; Chris Quine; Julie Barnett
03/04/2013

Modelling the effects of recent changes in climate, host density and acaricide treatments on population dynamics of Ixodes ricinus in the UK
A.D.M. Dobson; S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

The basic reproduction number for complex disease systems : defining R0 for tick-borne infections
N.A. Hartemink; J.A.P. Heesterbeek; S.A. Davis; S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Frameworks for risk communication and disease management : the case of lyme disease and countryside users
C.P. Quine; A. Marcu; J.L. Taylor; J. Barnett; S.E. Randolph; M. Marzano; A.D.M. Dobson; D. Uzzell; L. O"Brien; D. Moseley
11/03/2011

Thinking ahead…to 2030?!
C P Quine
11/03/2011

Modelling the effects of recent changes in climate, host density and acaricide treatments on population dynamics of Ixodes ricinus in the UK
A.D.M. Dobson; S.E. Randolph
17/03/2011

Making sense of unfamiliar risks in the countryside : the case of lyme disease
A. Marcu; D. Uzzell
11/03/2011

A modified matrix population model to describe the seasonal dynamics of the sheep tick Ixodes ricinus in the UK
A.D.M. Dobson; T.J.R. Finnie
17/03/2011

"Participatory interdisciplinarity": Towards the integration of disciplinary diversity with stakeholder engagement for new models of knowledge production
L. O"Brien; M. Marzano; R. M. White
03/04/2013

Tick (Ixodes ricinus) abundance and seasonality at recreational sites in the UK : hazards in relation to fine-scale habitat types revealed by complementary
A.D.M. Dobson; S.E. Randolph; J.L. Taylor
05/06/2011

Human activities predominate in determining changing incidence of tick-borne encephalitis in Europe.
S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Whose Lyme is it anyway? Subject positions and the construction of responsibility for managing the health risks from Lyme disease
David Uzzell; Konstantina Vasileiou; Afrodita Marcu
03/04/2013

Embodied interdisciplinarity : what is the role of polymaths in environmental research?
Juliette C. Young; Mariella Marzano
11/03/2011

Tick (Ixodes ricinus) abundance and seasonality at recreational sites in the UK : hazards in relation to fine-scale habitat types
A.D.M. Dobson; J.L. Taylor
11/03/2011

To what extent has climate change contributed to the recent epidemiology of tick-borne diseases?
Sarah E. Randolph
11/03/2011

What’s all the fuss about interdisciplinarity?
Chris P. Quine
14/03/2011

Organisational intentions and responses : presenting the risk of lyme disease to countryside users
M. Marzano; D. Moseley
11/03/2011

Perspectives on climate change impacts on infectious diseases
S.E. Randolph
11/03/2011

Investigating communication on zoonotic diseases
C P Quine
11/03/2011

A modified matrix population model to describe the seasonal dynamics of the sheep tick Ixodes ricinus in the UK
A.D.M. Dobson; T.J.R. Finnie
11/03/2011

Preventing countryside users from acquiring zoonotic diseases.
C P Quine
11/03/2011

Newsletter (4)
Preventing countryside users from acquiring zoonotic diseases
C.P. Quine
14/03/2011

What’s all the fuss about interdisciplinarity?
Chris P. Quine
14/03/2011

Assessing and communicating animal disease risks for countryside users
Chris P. Quine; Darren Moseley
11/03/2011

Thinking ahead…to 2030?!
C.P. Quine
14/03/2011

Report (6)
Using scenarios in rural land use planning
Chris P. Quine
14/03/2011

ESRC End of Award Report - Non-Technical Summary
Chris Quine; Julie Barnett; Liz O"Brien; Sarah Randolph; David Uzzell
24/06/2012

Using scenarios in rural land-use planning
Chris Quine
22/07/2012

ESRC End of Award Report - Full Research report
Chris Quine; Liz O"Brien; Julie Barnett; David Uzzell; Sarah Randolph
24/06/2012

Protecting countryside users against zoonotic diseases : the scope for influencing behaviour?
C.P. Quine
15/03/2011

Investigating communication on zoonotic diseases
C.P. Quine
14/03/2011

Paper (1)
Protecting countryside users against zoonotic diseases: the scope for influencing behaviour?
C P Quine
11/03/2011

Website (2)
Assessing and communicating animal disease risks for countryside users
Chris P. Quine; Darren Moseley
14/03/2011

Assessing and communicating animal disease risks for countryside users
C.P. Quine; Darren Moseley
11/03/2011

Book chapter (1)
Environmental factors which affect vector-borne pathogen transmission
S.E. Randolph; J. Ayres; R.M. Harrison; R.L. Maynard; J. Ayres; G.L. Nichols
11/03/2011