Lessons from the past for the future of the uplands

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Award: RES-229-27-0003
PI: Althea Davies, School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling
Dates: 01/03/2007 - 28/02/2010
 
How does knowledge about the way landscapes have been formed historically influence how those who inhabit or visit those areas today appreciate them? Using evidence from historical records, archaeology and environmental data, changes in the upland landscapes of the Peak District and Sutherland over the past 500 years are traced. Upland areas of this kind continue to be under pressure from agriculture, climate change, tourism and other demands. Tracing historic changes can give a longer-term perspective to help understand the processes at work and to ensure that the upland ecosystem and rural communities are better able to adapt to future change.

Data created

Upland management choice experiment with residents
Choice experiments to assess the response of Peak District residents to long-term evidence as a potential source of information to inform preferences for upland management.

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Data type: Qualitative;Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 43 Peak District residents
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Historical environmental changes for uplands
Compilation and review of published and grey literature on environmental changes relevant to management and policy, over the last 300-500 years. .

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: PDF
Sample size:
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Upland management choice experiment with ecologists
Choice experiment to assess the opinion of ecologists from government, NGO, research and practitioner communities, who were presented with established sources of ecological evidence used in upland management combined with stakeholder preferences for upland management. The experiment use a woodland and a peatland context as scenarios.

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Data type: Qualitative;Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 16 ecologists
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Palaeo-environmental analyses Peak District
Palaeoenvironmental analyses reconstructing long-term ecological changes and land-use histories of four contrasting moorland systems in the Peak District (England) over the last c.200-1300 yrs. Sites were selected in consultation with stakeholders and the results provide the basis for comparison with ecological survey results and knowledge of current managers. Data result from sediment analyses and pollen analyses..

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Data type: Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 4 study sites
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released
Palaeo-environmental analyses NW Sutherland
Palaeoenvironmental analyses reconstructing long-term ecological changes and land-use histories of three contrasting moorland systems in NW Sutherland (Scotland) over the last c.400 yrs. Site selection was based on discussion with stakeholders and results were compared with stakeholder knowledge and preferences for landscape change. Data result from sediment analyses, pollen analyses and plant macrofossil analyses…

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Data type: Qualitative;Quantitative
Data format: MS Excel;MS Word
Sample size: 3 study sites
Country: United Kingdom
Status: Data released

Publications and outputs

Article (3)
Using scenarios to explore UK upland futures
M.S. Reed; D. Nainggolan; J. Mitchley; J. Morris; R. May; C.H. Quinn; K. Hubacek; R.J.F. Burton; S. Thorp; J. Holden; A.L. Davies; V. Swales; C. Bullock; C. Potter; K. Arblaster
02/05/2010

Applications of palaeoecology in conservation
Anthea L. Davies; M.J. Bunting
11/08/2010

Long-term approaches to native woodland restoration : palaeoecological and stakeholder perspectives on Atlantic forests of Northern Europe
Althea Davies
19/07/2011

Report (2)
Review of the historical environmental changes in the UK uplands relevant to management and policy
Althea Davies
12/10/2008

Full research report
Althea Davies
05/09/2010

Research summary (2)
Non-technical summary
Althea Davies
05/09/2010

Non-technical summary

05/09/2010