Linking evidence and policy for managing biodiversity in the agricultural landscape

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Award: RES-240-25-0006
Project website
PI: William Sutherland, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge
Dates: 11/01/2010 - 31/10/2011
 
There is considerable discussion and debate about the most appropriate management for European farmland and about the best means of maintaining and restoring biodiversity within the agricultural landscape. At present advice is offered through advisors and a range of publications, however the evidence-base for the conservation recommendations is often unclear. A potential solution is to have an integrated practice-led process for identifying social and physical management options, assessing evidence and identifying the priority policies. It is then possible to assess those areas that are of highest priority for further research and review. The final task will be to assess relationships between the actual range of interventions and quality of evidence.

Data created

Database of references
Conservation evidence review and systematic review results on the effectiveness of integrated farm management, organic farming and agri-environment schemes as interventions for conserving biodiversity in temperate Europe.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size:
Country: Europe
Status: Data released
Interventions benefitting wildlife
List of specific interventions to benefit wildlife on farmland in northwest Europe.

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Data type: Qualitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size:
Country: Europe
Status: Data released
Expert evaluation of interventions
Ten experts in agricultural ecology, policy or rural social science evaluated the evidence for each intervention, based on the compiled synthesis, assessing how much is known about each intervention (% certainty) and whether the evidence showed a benefit to wildlife. The expert evaluation process was based on a method of gathering expert judgement using iterative scoring rounds, called the Delphi technique.

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Data type: Quantitative; Qualitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 10 experts in agricultural ecology, policy or rural social science
Country: Europe
Status: Data released
Interventions scoring
People involved in the policy and practice of farmland conservation scored how important each intervention is for farmland conservation, and answered more detailed questions about a subset of interventions, using an online survey.

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Data type: Quantitative; Qualitative
Data format: MS Excel
Sample size: 54 farmland conservation practitioners
Country: Europe
Status: Data released

Publications and outputs

Report (2)
ESRC End of Award Report - Non-Technical Summary
William Sutherland; Ian Hodge; Jules Pretty
20/12/2012

ESRC End of Award Report - Full Research Report
William Sutherland; Jules Pretty; Ian Hodge
20/12/2012

Other output (1)
Farmland Conservation: Evidence for the effects of interventions in northern and western Europe
Lynn Dicks; Dave Showler; David Williams; Katy James; Annelie Jonsson; William Sutherland; Juliana Danhardt; Joscelyne Ashpole; Susan Turpie; Nicola Randall; Rebecca Smith
12/03/2014

Article (3)
Quantifying the Impact and Relevance of Scientific Research
William J. Sutherland; David Goulson; Simon G. Potts; Lynn V. Dicks
14/04/2013

Quantifying the impact and relevance of scientific research
William Sutherland; Simon G. Potts; David Goulson; Lynn V. Dicks
20/07/2012

A transparent process for “evidence-informed” policy making
Lynn V. Dicks; Rebecca K. Smith; William J. Sutherland; Ian Hodge; Nicola P. Randall; Jörn P.W. Scharlemann; Henrik G. Smith; Gavin M. Siriwardena
12/03/2014